Focalization can be either internal or external or heterodiegetic or homodiegetic. Fixed, indicates that there is one POV, while variable means that there are multiple POVs that switch between each other. The focalizer is referred to as the person from whose POV the story is being told. In Samperio’s “She Lived in a Story” there is variable focalization in that it switches between Samperio, Segovia, and Ofelia. Cervantes is alike in the multiple POVs, since it varies from that of Don Quixote and the narrators. The dynamic of having multiple POVs adds depth to the story and different perspectives into the story. An author includes many focalizers so that readers’ interests are peeked and keeps the audience on their toes by having things constantly switch.